The term "pet containment system" might be anything that confines a pet to a certain territory, but usually is an electrical device such as an electronic fence or electronic collar. An electronic fence or electronic collar is defined in ordinances as a fence or a collar that controls the movement of a dog by emitting an electrical shock when the animal wearing the collar nears the boundary of the owner's, keeper's or harborer's property. The collar may be controlled manually by a person or automatically in a predetermined manner. The shock is intended as a warning and, depending on the type of system and the settings used by the owner, possibly a punishment. Note: contrast an electronic fence with an electric fence. The latter is a physical fence that conducts electricity so that anyone touching it will receive an electric shock.
Examples of such electrical systems include:
- K-9 Containment Fencing System. The dog wears a receiver collar that picks up a signal from the AC transmitter. As he approaches and tries to cross the boundary, he receives stimulus which discourages that behavior.
- Indoor Radio Fence. A transmitter emits a signal in the range you choose (from 2-20 feet); when your pet's receiver collar picks up the signal, a warning tone is given, followed by a mild, static correction, which prompts the pet to move back into the safe zone.
- Instant Fence. When the dog ventures out of the "safe zone," he will hear a warning tone, followed by a light, static energy pulse which startles the dog.
You can read about more systems at PetSmart.Com, which has a web page that lists "electronic training solutions."