According to the CDC, there were approximately 2.9 million TBI-related emergency department visits, hospitalizations, and deaths in the U.S. in 2014. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Surveillance Report of Traumatic Brain Injury-Related Emergency Department Visits, Hospitalizations, and Deaths, United States, 2014, https://

TBI’s were identified in 25% of all injury-related deaths in 2017. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Traumatic Brain Injury-related Deaths by Age, Group, Sex, and Mechanism of Injury, United States, 2018 and 2019,

Depending on the severity of the injury, those who get a TBI may face health problems that last a few days or the rest of their lives. Effects of traumatic brain injury can be short-term or long-term and include impaired thinking, memory, movement, vision, hearing, or emotional functioning, such as personality changes or depression. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Potential Effects of a Moderate or Severe TBI,

More than 430,000 U.S. service members were diagnosed with a TBI from 2000 through 2020. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and National Institutes of Health, Report to Congress on Traumatic Brain Injury in the United States: Understanding the Public Health Problem among Current and Former Military Personnel, June 2013,

Service members and veterans who have sustained a TBI may have ongoing symptoms and experience co-occurring health conditions such as PTSD and depression. (Id.)

The foregoing was excerpted from the House Report 117-336, 117th Congress, May 18, 2022. (